Teaching Open Source Planet is a Planet, a collection of personal blogs by Teaching Open Source community members working to bring the open source way into academia. We write about our inspirations and experiences in learning, teaching, and collaborating within free and open communities. In the spirit of freedom, we share and criticize in order to collectively improve. We hope you enjoy reading our thoughts; if you’re fascinated by what you see, consider adding your voice to the conversation.
This is #3 of 5 posts I had in draft state for a few months, that I decided finish up & post. Here’s hoping my research helps others. I started writing this in May.
“Inessential weirdness of open source”
This term (crediting to Katrina Owen at Github) perfectly describes a conundrum of open participation, whereby we hold onto symbols, processes, and idiosyncrasies of open source in a mix of nostalgia, delusion and … I’m going to say it – arrogance , as the primary (nearly holy) measures of ‘being open’ in community building .
‘But’ve always done x’, is a very common response to change in open communities. Whereby we unintentionally (yet deliberately) avoid change because we believe that that purity of ‘open’ is the only way to innovate further . We even avoid change despite huge potential to grow more diverse and healthy open communities – because… there are slivers of non-open. gah!
Two years ago I ran the ‘Open Hatch Comes To Campus’ workshop at the University of Victoria. I spent 1.5 hours teaching people the skills they needed to ultimately… type ‘hello’ on an IRC channel.. Our workshop implied IRC was a critical doorway, and on-ramp to participation in open source. Saying hello, asking for help – with an instructors guidance: 1.5 hours. What?
I’ve often heard project maintainers say, that obtuse processes like these actually help ensure the success of those who are truly seriousabout contribution. As if asking basic questions is a holy grail of volunteering- one where only those willing to waste ridiculous amounts of time on discombobulated, obtuse processes and tools are worthy of participation. I call bullshit on any process that makes connecting with others, in an ‘open project’ – an obstacle.
“open and accessible doesn’t beat usable and intelligent”
In the last couple of years we’ve seen open communities faced with an interesting choice of using tools that work really well for working open, but are not themselves open. Github being the most obvious example. Similarly I’ve also followed the Open Data communities use of + Slack + Slackin!
Still in the voice of nostalgia asking us to remember our legacy IRC.
Anyway….what exactly do we need our community software to do? Here’s a short list I used when measuring chat solutions (and sure I am missing things)
Open source – I want the ability to inspect, and improve-on software we use for community conversation, and to propose improvement via pull requests.
Data is discover-able via web search. So much success of ‘open’ is that people can stumble on conversations that push innovation further.
Open Conversations – no login or registration required. Anyone can ‘lurk’.
Easy to grasp & intuitive – Lets not ask newbies to install software to ask for help. Lets’ not expect that contributors are technical contributors.
Github feed (my own requirement, that everyone can see new issues, and comments they subscribe to).
A clever human-connection setup should allow new contributors an ability to answer these questions with some clarity:
Who is here?
Am I welcome here?
What’s happening in this community?
How can I contribute?
How do I ask for help?
With this criteria, and questions in mind, here are the results of those I researched for education contributors at Mozilla:
Mattermost – Has potential, but seems unfinished, and little ‘alpha’. Without installing myself ,I couldn’t figure out how to enable a Github feed.
Gitter – I discovered this when looking around Free Code Club. I liked the UI, and possibilities for multiple channels easily toggled, searchable and friendly. Plugins tend to be more developer-friendly, which was a drawback for non-technical contribution – but not a show stopper. Has a great search option for communities. Chat rooms are associated with Github Repos, which has huge potential for building communities around projects and initiatives.
I think Gitter is doing with Github, what Github should be doing for Github projects interested in nurturing participation.
Discord – I found found Reactiflux development via Facebook React’s repo, but was nervous about jumping in. Seems more like a team project, than community. I found it intimidating, especially with voice, and it wasn’t clear what preferences where. Quickly left.
I revisited this after comments were left about this project portal being community organized (as it had been months since I was there). Aside from struggling to switch login/register status, I do have to say it’s a very easy to lurk into – and has desktop versions (it seems I didn’t have a lot of time to test). I’m not clear on how discover able conversations are outside of this app, but the community has set things up very well to ask questions in a number of ways (which is awesome). Still on the fence about voice chat, but maybe that’s because it’s harder to stay gender-anonymous with voice. Thanks for the comment that made me take another look Mark!
Rocketchat – It’s open source, it looks great – it has the potential to do what Gitter is doing for communities, but it feels very single-instance and Slack-replacement focused. Don’t get me wrong, it’s beautiful, very capable of being a good alternative but I want more – I want ‘open’ feel like more than code. If I had to choose an alternative it would be this one.
Rivr – I couldn’t find inspiration other than free, and not-Slack. Guessing it’s a great alternative too.
Slack should be thought of as first generation example of how community might meet, connect with participation and community, but not as a template, and not as a ‘bar’ that we now try to replicate openly. Reactiflux community has also demonstrated that a cohesive collection of support vrs any one solution is often the best way to go as well.
It’s time we prioritized connection of humans ‘ in the open’- lets end the inessential weirdness of open source.
This is #2 of 5 ‘Draft’ posts I identified as worth wrapping-up vrs. ‘forever a draft’ status.
I wrote this post in April-ish, based on notes I took attempting to reach my goal to contribute to 10 open source projects by July. Some unexpected challenges in my life made this goal impossible, but I still learned a lot… maybe next year.
In January, I set a personal goal of contributing to 10 open source projects by July. A research project of sort, I wanted uncover tools, processes, community engagement, and unknown magic existing beyond my own knowledge and experience. By exploring and researching the modern day experience of contributing to open source, I imagined I could get much better at designing for, and teaching it…
I pledged to myself that I would be select a projects where I could answer the following questions
“I can understand the value of the project on things I care about”.
“I can see how my time might help impact the outcome of that project’s goals, however small”.
Walk a Mile, See a Mile.
I also promised myself, that I would release all arrogance, bias and (most) opinions of how a project might be setup. I adopted “Walk a Mile, See a Mile” to remind myself that the journey towards designing better for people, means being open for what comes next – I would grow with the experience.
In this, my first three months of contributing I’ve already had plenty of adventure.
Searching & Finding
My search started leveraging Github ‘Trending Repositories‘ – something I’ve heard recommended for new contributors. The search is limited to filter for language, which already limits this function to technical contribution – which is too bad.
Suggestion to Github – allow projects to tag their repositories with types of contribution available.
Suggest to Github – define ‘Trending’, or limit results. Wasting time on a dead or old project isn’t a good experience.
Finally, to fulfill my goal of ‘understanding the value’ of a project I am limited to project descriptions, which was hard.
Suggest to Github – provide optional description that states value of project for contributors, or FOSS projects agree on a CONTRIBUTE.MD standard field any query on the web can pull from (omitting Github as a search). We really need better standards for participation. Blarg.
I went through a lot of repos, opting to select only one from Trending, and the rest from referrals or personal interest, which shows you how much we still suck in OS at surfacing projects people can find in their own. I’ve landed on these 5 to start:
I am familiar with many technology stacks, and debugging but I have so far found myself stuck on obscure issues that even the most helpful people can’t get me over in a short period of time. Thinking of limiting build-problems to max of 6 hours before abandoning project. Main reason I seem to get stuck – outdated docs, missing dependencies, or worst (in one situation) building the WRONG environment because Google search brought me to an outdated wiki that had not been noted as so…
I’ve called these out before. A good first task should not look like this. Remove this label when it’s not longer true. Good first tasks are basic like – changing an error message, or debugging CSS alignment.
‘Help-wanted’ tags aren’t enough to invite new contributors – I needed to see ‘beginner, quick task, or something similar’. Maybe I have less patience than others.
Non-Technical Contribution Is Hard to Find
Really, really difficult to imagine the ways you can help if the project is not specifically about that skill. There’s an entirely different highway for non-technical contributors, and that sucks especially if you are interested in both.
I realize if I wanted to contribute in other ways, that would be different research altogether.
Good Documentation & Support
Free Code Camp has a great contribution page – and I LOVED their Gitter had help commands that allowed people to learn more about contributing, and that they have a specific chat just for contribution which is less intimidating than joining a project team chat head-down in a crisis. I know IRC does this, as well, but IRC is a blocker for many.
I LOVED finding this post ‘Diving into Rust’ from community-member Flaki. Describing ‘use cases’ really compelled me to get more involved in a project that had felt a bit abstract to me still. Found via Google-search. I found this page on Rust documentation a bit too much for getting, although I expect it’s a great resource to come back to.
Again, chat channels not forums were my go-to for project questions.
Code of Conduct Matters
Seeing a code of conduct, like the ones in exercism.io and rust made me feel welcome, not just because it’s there, but because the community decided it should be. I’m glad Jekyll had a COC, but without a clear path for resolution, other than project maintainer – it felt only half-way there. There are people much better than me to review CoC but I’ll say personally, I prefer to know who is behind an alias as well.
And that’s what I’ve learned, and experienced so far. Next post will dive deeper into evaluation of chat channels.
Open Has Walls
An update on one other project, I am very interested in (eventually) lending my skills to beyond this experiment is with #OpenCancer. Creative Commons has joined forces with Moonshot to end cancer in our lifetime. The simple question of ‘how can I help scientists, and others using my technology/open/participation/data skills hasn’t yet been answered. Is open science limited to teaching researchers, or is there a bigger movement to get the rest of us involved? I hope so in this case. Another research project perhaps.
I realize .. we’re only really at the beginning of making participation in open projects feel as accessible for everyone. Its hard climbing the walls of open some days, but we’ll get there.
This is #1 of 5 posts I identified as perhaps, being worth finishing and sharing. Writing never feels finished, and it’s a vulnerable thing… to share ideas – but perhaps better than never sharing them at all?
I wrote most of this post in April of this year (making this outdated with the current work of the Participation Team), thinking about ways the learning format of the Leadership Summit in Singapore could evolve into a valuable tool for community leadership development and credentialing. Community Leadership Passport(s) perhaps…
As you can see, the structure ensured that everyone experienced learning outcomes of the entire framework, while still providing choice in what felt most relevant, exciting or interesting in their personal development. You can find some of this content here.
I started wondering..
How might we evolve the schedule design and content into a format for leadership development that also provides real world credentials?
I don’t think the answer is to take this schedule and make it a static ‘course’ or offering, I don’t think it is about ‘event in box’, but I do think there’s something in using the framework to enforce quality leadership development, while giving power to what people want to learn, and how they prefer to learn.
Really, this is about creating a mechanism for helping people build leadership credentials in a way that intersects what they want to learn and do, and what the project needs. It could be used for anything from developing strong mentors, to project leads in areas like IoT and Rust, to governance and diversity & inclusion. Imagining Passports with 3 attributes:
Experience – Taking action, completing tasks, generating experiences associated with learning and project outcomes. Should be clear, and feel doable without too much detail.
Mozilla Content – Completing a course either developed by, or approved as Mozilla content. These could be online, or in person events.
Learner Choice – Encouraging exploration, and learning that feels valuable, interesting and fun – but with some guidelines for topics, outcomes and likely recommendations to make things easier. For example, some people might want to complete a Coursera Course on IOT and Embedded systems, while others might prefer a ‘learning by doing’ approach via YouTube channels.
Something like a Leadership Passport would obviously require more thought in implementation, tracking and issuing certification. It could also be used to test and evolve Leadership Framework. I prefer it over a participation ladder because it feels less prescriptive in ‘how’ we step up as leaders and more supportive of ways want to learn and lead — and ultimately help us recognize and invest in emerging leaders sooner.
The Grace Hopper Celebration of Women in Computing feels a bit like a mirage for any computing faculty member who has been involved in trying to increase the number of women majoring in computing. Our efforts tend to produce very modest results, so going to Hopper feels somewhat disorienting. There really are large numbers of […]
Earlier this month a group of people met in Berlin to imagine and design Mozfest 2016.
Blending inspiration and ideas from open news, science, localization, youth, connected devices and beyond – we spent three glorious days collaborating and building a vision of a Mozfest like no other.
The Participation team emerged from this experience with a new vision for Mozillian participation we’re calling ‘Mozfest Space* Contributors’. Roles designed to bring success on the goals of every space in the building. This is a very different approach from recent years where our focus has been more participatory as facilitators, helpers and learners. With this new approach, we’re inviting contribution, ownership and responsibility in shaping the event. Super, super exciting – I hope you agree!
Exploring the potential of contributor roles within Spaces, we found amazing potential! Open Science imagined a ‘Science Translator’ role – helping people overcome scientific jargon to connect with ideas. The Web Literacy group has big plans for their physical space, one where a ‘Set Designer’ would be incredibly helpful in making those dreams come true.
Open News, and others thought about ‘Help Desk’ leads, and more than one space has suggested that the addition of technical mentors and session translators would bring diversity and connection. Can you see yet why this will be amazing?
Outreach for contributors this year will be focused squarely on finding people with the skills, passion, vision and a commitment to supporting these spaces. In many cases roles will be a key part of planning in the months leading up to Mozfest.
Also – we’re already piloting this very idea! having recently selecting Priyanka Nag and Mayur Patil to be part of the Participation team’s Mozfest planning. I’m so grateful for their help and leadership in making this a fantastic experience for wranglers and contributors alike.
On July 15th we’ll post all available roles, and launch the application process. You can find an FAQ here.
Sponsorship from the Participation Team for Mozfest 2016 will be for these roles only. The call for the proposals will be run by the MozFest organizers who will have a limited number of travel stipends available through that separate process.
* Space – an area of Mozfest with content and space built and activated under a certain theme (like Open Science, Youth Zone and Web Literacy)
* Space Wrangler – Person organizing and building a space at Mozilla
One of the readers of this blog has suggested the following website for teachers who want to encourage their students to do educational blogging:
Teaching Blogs 2016: How to Benefit Your Students, Your Peers, and Your Pocketbook, by Starting an Educational Class Blog
Author: Matthew Kaboomis Loomis
I have been to this blog and I certainly agree with the reader that it is a really useful website for teachers who want to encourage their students to use blogs.
Here are the contents of this website:
Part 1 Here are some benefits of doing blogging:
1. Connection with other experts 2. Teaching blogs makes students more active 3. Encourages writing among participants 4. Built-in archiving, and its benefits on critical thought 5. Peer pressure — the positive kind
Part 2 Incorporating your teaching blogs into your current teaching strategy: 1. Find ways to encourage collaboration 2. Use the blog as a classroom portal 3. Promote active learning
Part 3 1. Developing a Public Internet Blog 2. Free education 3. Enhanced and higher level programs
Part 4 Teaching Blogs to Draw Inspiration From 1. Websites of the Day by Larry Ferlazzo 2. MindShift: How We Will Learn 3. Ozge Karaoglu 4. KidBlog
Part 5 Now it’s Time to Start YOURS Some advices on building your own blog
Cara Membuat / Memasang Fanspage Facebook Di Blog Update 2016 - Tutorial ini adalah sudah merupakan artikel yang lengkap dimana sobat bisa membuat plugin fanspage kemudian memasangnya ke blog sobat. seperti yang sudah kita tahu bersama bahwa plugin fanspage FB ini berfungsi sebagai media dimana ketika seseorang yang berkunjung ke blog sobat bisa melihat juga fanspage facebook yang sobat miliki
Conference title: International Conference on Open and Flexible Education
Date: 6 - 8 July 2016
Venue: Open University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR
The theme for the Third International Conference on Open and Flexible Education (ICOFE 2016) is 'Innovative Pedagogy and Technology', featuring creative pedagogical practices to enhance open and flexible learning and novel use of technologies in educational contexts. It will explore the possibilities of new approaches and means of pedagogy for learning in a wider range of places and times. The conference encourages sharing of research and practices concerning teaching and ways to meet the needs of various types of learners, as well as for better or more effective processes, technologies, or ideas that are accepted by those in charge of education such as teachers, educators or policy makers.
Subthemes of the conference include the following:
1. Pedagogical innovations; 2. Innovations in educational technology; 3. Innovations in curriculum development; 4. Mobile and ubiquitous learning; 5. Engaging students and learning design; 6. Social media and technology-mediated learning communities; and 7. Open educational resources and MOOCs.
Providing conference childcare isn’t difficult or expensive, and it makes a huge difference for parents of young children who might want to come. If your community wants to (visibly!) support work-life balance and family obligations — which, by the way, still disproportionately impact women — I urge you to look into providing event childcare. I don’t have kids myself — but a lot of my friends do, and someday I might. I’ve seen too many talented colleagues silently drop out of the conference scene and fade out of the community because they needed to choose between logistics for the family they loved and logistics for the work they loved — and there are simple things we can do to make it easier for them to stay.
A good number of conferences have already started offering free or low-cost childcare on-site, and Above All Human is one of them. (Above All Human also used a Code of Conduct, another simple way to shift conference culture towards inclusivity and diversity.)
I talked with Scott Handsaker, one of the conference organizers, to ask how they set it up. It was easy. There was an existing daycare facility nearby, so trained staff, equipment, space, and insurance were all taken care of. All Scott had to do was negotiate the price, which ended up being $30 per child. Out of 1,000 people in attendance, roughly 10-15 used childcare, for a total price tag of $300-$450 per day.
The resulting slew of publicity was tremendous. Scott mentioned they were late in organizing childcare — too late to advertise it on the conference website — so they only had a little time to message via email and social media. Even so, childcare was the #1 thing people tweeted about leading up to the conference. (“This [twitter search] nowhere near captures the volume of tweets or the sentiment,” Scott wrote.) In fact, that’s how I found out about Above All Human in the first place — a former classmate raving about childcare on social media. This is the sort of exposure you want for your event, brand, and community. Financing conference childcare was snapped up by Slack as a low-cost, high-impact, high-visibility corporate sponsorship opportunity.
If your conference location doesn’t have childcare on-site, talk with nearby childcare providers or a local college with an education/teacher-training program. You’re looking for care providers with training in early childhood education or some similarly related field, medical knowledge (CPR/AED etc), and enough experience to take care of insurance and logistics, which often involves negotiating directly with the hotel or other conference location about space and setup.
Right now, determined conference committee members can pull something together for their own event by taking advantage of resources like these, as well as tapping into the informal network of conference organizers who’ve coordinated childcare in the past. However, that network can be hard to find — so as more and more events attempt to do this, we can share notes and work to make it easier. A great next step would be to compile more writeups about the childcare-at-conferences process and to list events that have had it and are willing to talk with other events who are interested. Eventually, we could create a series of templates and guides for how to email daycare providers, how to advertise, what insurance to secure, and so forth. If you know of existing resources or efforts, please let me know and I’ll add them to this post.
"Have you ever wanted to store the data collected from any learning environment in a standardised way but did not know how? Look no further, you are in the right place now! After working with xAPI for several years, we have compiled a registry of xAPI specifications for learning activities to support and highlight the consistent usage of xAPI recipes in the educational domain."
Last year, I was diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes and my life was pretty much flipped upside down for awhile. One thing I immediately set out to do was to find software, preferably open source, that would help me get on track and have an improved health outcome.
There was a lot of software out there but I did not find any that aligned with my needs as a person with diabetes. Instead, I found a lot of mobile apps and software built by companies that put profit first and were not driven by the needs of people with diabetes.
Right then I came up with the idea to start an open source project that made cross-platform apps (iOS, Android, Desktop, Web etc) with the focus of improving the health outcomes of people with diabetes and supporting research. But there were already two great open source projects out there like Nightscout and Tidepool, so why start our own?
Simply put, I wanted to do something different as I’ve seen this great divide in the diabetes community where not only are things like communities, podcasts and advocates divided around what type of diabetes a person has, but also the two open source projects out there were focused only on people with Type 1 diabetes. This is problematic because Type 2 diabetes is left outside of these intentional Type 1 diabetes circles when we should be working together to solve both types of diabetes and pooling our resources together to advocate for an end to both types of diabetes.
And so Glucosio was born with the vision that an app was needed that benefits both people with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. Not focusing on one or the other, but instead giving equal energy to features that will benefit both types. Our vision was that this new open source project will unite people who have Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes or know someone who does to contribute to the project and in turn help accelerate research for both types while at the same time helping those with diabetes keep track of things that affect their health outcomes.
Last year was a lot of work for the entire Glucosio team. We worked hard to build awesome open source software for people with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes and we pulled it off. Glucosio for Android is the first of our diabetes apps you can download today but we also have Glucosio for iOS and Glucosio for Web and an API for researchers that are all being actively worked on.
It is our hope to also have a cross-platform desktop app (OSX, Windows and Linux) in the future as more contributors join to contribute.
Introduction: In 2011, several well-known authors wrote a concept paper on Open Learning Analytics (.pdf). Their goal was to create openness as a foundation for the use of data and analytics in education.
Here are some details of this concept paper:
Title: Open Learning Analytics: an integrated & modularized platform Proposal to design, implement and evaluate an open platform to integrate heterogeneous learning analytics techniques
Authors: George Siemens & Dragan Gasevic Athabasca University, Canada
Caroline Haythornthwaite & Shane Dawson University of British Columbia, Canada
Simon Buckingham Shum & Rebecca Ferguson Open University, United Kingdom
Erik Duval & Katrien Verbert Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium
Ryan S. J. d. Baker Worcester Polytechnic Institute, United States
Pengalam cara daftar dan membuat akun WhatsApp - Sebagai pengguna android, sobat tentu tidak ingin ketinggalan informasi aplikasi yang penting dan terpopuler. salah satunya adalah aplikasi sosial media whatsApp yang begitu populer di kalangan penguna android. jika sobat saat ini masih menggunakan panggilan via GSM/CDMA ada baiknya sobat mencoba panggilan via jaringan internet. lebih murah dan
Using open source approaches, concepts, and technologies, we collaboratively worked with a team of nineteen WMU students over the course of a semester to guide them as they made decisions, chose technologies, and developed the website according to client specifications and input. Students worked within an agile development environment much like they would encounter in the real-world and were encouraged to make their own decisions to meet project expectations.
Students (and the instructor) learned quite a bit about FOSS approaches over the course of a semester. Our project was featured in the latest WMU Haworth College of Businessnewsletter and may appear elsewhere.
The actual implementation of the recommended site is currently on hold. However, a paper is in the works, so please watch for it. I’ll make sure to provide an update here.
Many thanks to the folks at Red Hat and POSSE for making this happen for our students.
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From the official website of SkillsFuture at https://www.skillsfuture.sg:
"SkillsFuture is a national movement to enable all Singaporeans to develop to their fullest potential throughout life. Whichever stage of life you are in, whether you are in your schooling years, early career, mid-career or silver years, SkillsFuture will enable you to take advantage of a wide range of opportunities – to help you realise your aspirations and attain mastery of skills.
At a national level, SkillsFuture will play an important part in charting Singapore's next phase of development towards an advanced economy and inclusive society. Every individual’s skill, passion and contribution counts.
With the help of the SkillsFuture Council, education and training providers, employers, unions – you can own a better future with skills mastery and lifelong learning. Your skills. Your asset. Your future."
Preparing to teach a class where you “don’t know the material” is tricky, especially when the thing is so big and so vast that you can never truly be an “expert” in it. If you think about expertise as knowing all the things, that is. If you think of expertise as the ability to be productively lost, that changes the entire game — the trick is how to help your students get through the same sort of territory.
I don’t have an overarching framework of strategies, but we do have a few things to share from the Teaching Open Source world. I wish we had a better write-up of our overall philosophy, but it wasn’t sufficiently developed (that’s something I’d love to work on with others… later… after… thesis…) but you can infer a bunch from some of our artifacts, so here you go, in order of least interesting to most interesting in my heavily biased opinion.
1. We have generic project-helpful activities.
We have a number of learning activites that (1) are highly likely to be useful for students regardless of what project topic they are on and (2) have clear criteria for successful completion, aka they are assessable. Analogous college-type things might be stuff like “make a test plan for your object” or “determine the appropriate formulae for predicting the behavior of your material” (I’m obviously making these examples up in a domain — materials science — I don’t know much about).
We also have activities that are walkthroughs of specific skills/tools common to most projects, often on a known setup (in the case below, a dummy server). This would be things like “do this intro exercise to use the Instron for the first time with our pre-cut samples.”
3. We have activities about critiquing the work of others (not other students in the class — this is not about peer assessment).
Moving into more interesting stuff: we also have activities that are about looking at other people’s work — not making new things, but critiquing existing things, to start developing a sense of how experts see things. In college, that might be: “Look at these pages from 3 lab journals, compare/critique; what makes the good ones good, the bad ones suboptimally helpful?” The reason it’s not peer critique is that you want to curate the examples to be rich and to have a range of things you can pull out in the discussion. (For those of you with qualitative research backgrounds, you can think of this as artifact analysis.)
4. We have resources (not just live demos) that lay out expert thinking.
We have think-alouds, where (more) experienced people demo their thought process being “productively lost” and then unpack it to newcomers, so they can start comparing metacognitive strategies. Every time you think out loud to students with their project, you’re doing this — but sometimes making artifacts is helpful, too. Also, accessibility is super-important for this… if you’re making videos, caption them. If you’re including images, describe them, and so forth. (My images are screenshots of the linked webpages, so I didn’t put image descriptions.)
The Flipped Contribution model is one that removes the project as the center of participation design and instead focuses on developing a strong, skill-set-specific, contributor-led community serving multiple projects.
They’re building the opportunity for projects to get involved with them. They’re building the community they want to see in the world.
Our most recent NSF proposal was funded! In September we heard that our project, “OpenPath – Improving Student Pathways to Computing Professions via Humanitarian Free and Open Source Software”, had been funded. This is a collaborative grant with Nassau Community College, Drexel University and Muhlenberg College. The focus of the grant is to create a pathway of course materials and activities that involve students in HFOSS. The activities span from freshman through senior year with the goal of producing open-source-ready students upon graduation. The effort builds on collaborative relationships with the Red Hat University Outreach team , the GNOME Accessibility team, and the OpenHatch project.
Most recently we had a meeting of the minds between FOSS community members and academics to start to figure out what knowledge and skills students need to gain during their academic career in order to be productive FOSS community members. Participants included:
While the need for students to gain technical skills such as version control and coding were obvious, I found it interesting that one of the main themes that occurred during the meeting was the need for students to gain soft skills. The need for students to become proficient in communication, problem solving, and critical thinking became apparent throughout the meeting. Another observation was the need for students to understand open source communities in general and to have the skills to navigate individual communities. Thank you to everyone who participated and we will continue to build on what we learned from the meeting.
"One of the most popular theories that inform pedagogy is Howard Gardner's multiple intelligences theory. This theory posits the existence of seven different areas of intelligence that characterize the learning style one is more comfortable with. The visual below provides a very great overview of these 7 learning styles. If you want to learn more about Howard's multiple intelligences theory I would highly recommend his seminal work "Multiple Intelligences: New Horizons in Theory and Practice"."
Each of these present a creative and fun challenge, both in content and format (1 hour workshops). There are both very small, and larger chunks of work depending on your background and time. When we’re done these will be shared for the world to use as well.
I can probably do a much better job of framing the opportunity in Github, and thus grateful for suggestions to improve the outline next time. Always Learning!
In the first 6 months of 2016, I have a personal goal of contributing code to 10 Open Source Projects. I’m looking for projects with potential to teach us how to design for the success of contributors, like myself, who bring intermediate to advanced skill-sets and experience.
I’ll be contributing code under another name, ala Secret Shopper, and sharing what I learn in a July post.
I am looking for nominations for Open Source projects that:
Are available on the web using web technologies.
Have a released version of their software
Have an existing community, or set of core contributors.
Want to improve their contributor design for intermediate and experienced developers.
Feel they have something they can teach others about community design.
Invested in increasing diversity of their contributor base.
Bonus: ‘Open’ Education focus.
What projects will get:
One or more code contributions from me – I can’t promise they’ll be valuable, but I’ll do my best;)
Review of the experience (which is the actual contribution)
Inclusion in a blog post with my findings(in July)
What I hope for myself:
Emerge with a set of best practices for projects who want to help intermediate and experienced developers successfully join their project as contributors.
A User story of an experienced developer attempting to join a new community, through a first contribution.
New and fresh understanding for the experience of stepping into a project as a new code contributor.
If you would like to nominate a project – please do so in comments.
Our core team and contributors have much to be proud about reflecting on the work we did in the past few months. While there are many things to be proud of, I think one of the biggest accomplishments was we built an open source project and released a product to Google Play in under four months. We then went on to do four more releases and are growing our user base internationally on a daily basis.
We have had an astounding amount of coveragefrom themedia about the vision we have for Glucosio and how we can use open source software to not only help people with diabetes improve their outcomes but further research through anonymous crowdsourcing.
I’m proud of the work our core team has put in over the past few months and excited what the new year has in store for us as a project. One big change next year is we will be formally be under the leadership of a non-profit foundation (Glucosio Foundation) which should help us be more organized but also have the financial and legal structure we need to grow as a project and deliver on our vision.
I’ve been able to meet and talk with third parties like Dexcom, Nightscout Foundation and many others including individual developers, researchers and other foundations who are very interested in the work we are pioneering and are interested in partnering, supporting or collaborating with Glucosio.
One exciting thing we hope to kick off in the New Year are Diabetes Hack Days, where organizers around the world can host hack days in their community to get people to come together to hack on software and hardware projects that will spur new innovation and creativity around diabetes technology. Most importantly though, we are very excited to launch our API to researchers next year so they can begin extracting anonymized data from our platform to help further their diabetes research.
We also look forward to releasing Glucosio for iOS in the first quarter of 2016 which has had a lot of interest and been under development for a couple months now.
In closing, we would like to invite developers, translators, and anyone else to get in touch and get connected with our project and start contributing to the vision we have of amazing open source software to help people with diabetes. We’d also ask you to consider a donation to the project, which will help us in our launch of our iOS in Q1 of 2016, and help us more rapidly produce features by offering bounties via BountySource and expand into a more mature open source project.
There is clearly great sadness felt in the open source community today after learning of the passing of Ian Murdock who founded the Debian Linux Distribution and was the first Debian Project Leader. Ian is the “ian” in Debian and Deb, his then-girlfriend (Debra Lynn) for those not familiar with the history of the naming of the project.
I was fortunate to meet Ian Murdock some years ago at an early Linux Conference (LinuxWorld) and it was very inspiring to hear him talk about open source and open culture. I feel still today that he was one of the many people who helped shape my own direction and contributions in open source. Ian was very passionate about open source and helped create the bricks (philosophy, vision, governance, practice) that power many open source projects today.
If it were not for Ian, we would not have many of the great Debian forks we have today including the very popular Ubuntu. There is no doubt that the work he did and his contributions to the early days of open source have had an impact across many projects and losing Ian at such a young age is a tragedy.
That said, I think the circumstances around Ian’s death are quite concerning as we have seen the tweets he made. I do hope that if Ian suffered excessive force at the hands of the San Francisco Police Department that justice will eventually be served.
I hope that we can all reflect on the values that Ian championed and the important work that he did and celebrate his contributions, which have had a very large and positive impact on computing.
While working on support for FreeBSD’s extended attributes in
I tried to be conscious of other implementations of extended attributes in
different operating systems, that way I wouldn’t be inadvertently causing the
sane problem that I was trying to fix: reliance on a particular API’s
What are extended attributes?
To put it very simply, extended attributes are metadata that are attached to
files. Typically, they’re key/value pairs that the filesystem associates with
a particular file on the filesystem, though that doesn’t always have to be the
How they’re implemented depends on both the filesystem, as well as the
operating system. This means that implementations on the same filesystem (UFS,
for example) can be complete incompatible across operating systems (Solaris
Extended attributes are not mandated by any standard. The tooling and APIs
are quite different across operating systems and some operating systems (OpenBSD, HP-UX)
don’t implement them at all. Because support is non-standard and spotty,
it’s rare to see them used in cross-platform software. I’d be super-interested
in seeing some counter-examples to this.
Extended attributes are sometimes namespaced. That is to say, there exists
some top-level grouping of attributes. Other than the top-level namespace,
there usually isn’t hierarchy to attributes, other than any arbitrary
user-defined hierarchy. Namespaces are usually system and user, although
this isn’t necessarily consistent, as we’ll see. Extended attributes under the
system namespace are only modifiable by root (and sometimes only queriable
The linux API is actually a fairly nice one, and for the rest of this post I’m
going to use it as my point of comparison. The return values of the getxattr and
listxattr functions are the total size of the attribute, not the size of
the data returned. This lends itself to a nice idiom for checking whether or
not truncation occurred:
If value is NULL in a call to getxattr or listxattr, the size of
the buffer required to hold the contents of the EA will be returned. This
allows you to query the amount of space required to hold the return value,
allocate it, and then call the function again to populate that. That’s
unfortunately racey, so it’s preferable to call and then realloc if
Linux extended attributes are namespaced, and the namespace is specified as
part of the attribute name. Namespaces are separated from attribute names by a
.. Currently, they support the common system and user namespaces, as
well as security and trusted.
It’s important to note that listxattr will never retrun EPERM. If there
are EAs that the current user cannot access, they just won’t be returned.
The attribute list returned by listxattr is NULL-delimited, and all of the
attribute names returned by listxattrare fully-qualified.
It seems funny that I’m going to talk about AIX’s interface right after
linux’s, but that’s largely because it’s…almost exactly the same.
Just like linux, getea and listea return the size of the actual attribute
value, which makes checking for truncation super easy. They also support
getting called with a zero size, which will just return the size of the list or
attribute value without writing any data to value.
The only key difference is that is that they use the character 0xF8 to
separate the namespace from the attribute name. So querying for system
attributes involves querying the name 0xF8SYSTEM0xF8attr.
There’s also the statea family of functions, which will fill in a
struct stat64x, but that’s of little consequence to us here.
FreeBSD / NetBSD
FreeBSD and NetBSD both use the same functions for the extended attribute
calls. The most obvious difference is that the attribute namespace is no
longer part of the attribute name. Each namespace is defined as an constant,
and must be passed separately.
Almost seemingly as a result of this difference, extattr_list can now error with
EPERM, rather than hiding the attribute names that the caller doesn’t have
The other, more annoying difference, is the return value of the extattr_get
and extattr_list functions. Rather than behaving like linux, AIX or OS X,
they instead return the number of bytes written, making truncation detection
harder. This basically requires that you make two calls if you want to ensure
that no truncation will occur.
OS X differs in a few ways. Notably, their functions all take an options arg.
Rather than calling an entirely different function to prevent following
symlinks, you can pass the XATTR_NOFOLLOW to prevent traversing symlinks.
Another, fairly curious difference is the position argument that’s part of
the prototype for getxattr. To really get a handle on this, we’re going to
dive into the wonderful world of forks.
Forks are kind of like having multiple datastreams for the same file. The data
that we typically think of being stored in a file is dumped into one fork (in
the case of Mac OS, the data fork) and metadata, resources or any other type
of data could exist in other forks, wholly independent.
On Mac OS filesystems (MFS, HFS, HFS+), each file could have at least a
resource fork for the purpose of storing resources about a given file. This
was used for things like splitting up icons that Finder would use to represent
a file, or for separating presentation and content of text documents.
HFS+ (maybe HFS too? I’m not sure) allowed for any number of named forks.
Back to OS X
Extended attributes on OS X are actually just named forks. The extended
attribute API wholly supplanted the old resource manager API.
To ensure that applications could seek to arbitrary points in a
fork, OS X’s extended attribute API includes a position argument.
getxattr is similar to Linux, in that it returns the size of the attribute’s
data, not just the number of bytes read. This makes truncation detection
It is worth noting that extended attribute names in OS X are not namespaced
in any special way.
Solaris gets weird. Solaris is probably closest to OS X in its implementation
of extended attributes, in that extended attributes are just named forks.
However, Solaris includes only one specialized function call to deal with
But even this isn’t required, since you can get the same results from using
a combination of open and openat:
From there, all of the *at functions can be used to operate on extended
attributes with some restrictions:
no links between attribute space and non-attribute space
no renames between attribute space and non-attribute space
only regular files are allowed - no dirs, symlinks or devices
Otherwise, extended attributes are treated like regular files.
This is awful when trying to expose a generic, cross-platform API for extended
attributes; the only one that I’ve found is written for
perl. I had
to add support for FreeBSD in Go, Python and Rust - and none of these deal with
Solaris or AIX! Adding FreeBSD support
was pretty rough, largely since implementors assume that every OS has a
No OS has a Linux-compatible extended attribute API
Are attributes namespaced? Are namespaces strings? Are they int constants?
Are they named forks? What happens if I need to seek?
How big can the data be? How do we check for truncation?
Error conditions differ radically
Honestly, I wonder if this contributes to the lack of cross-platform apps that
use extended attributes. They’re super useful in any case where it’s necessary
to track metadata about files without having to keep track of it in a separate
database. That’s honestly fraught with peril anyway, since you’re dependent on
the name of the file (or whatever identifier you use in your db) staying
constant across renames, deletes, etc.
Where to go from here?
A C wrapper lib around all of these implementations would be nice, but there are
some obvious trade-offs that need to be made.
The way that I’ve done this in Python and Rust has been to:
Assume linux-like namespaces, and translate accordingly. If there aren’t namespaces in your OS’s implementation, then just make the namespace part of the attribute name.
Make two calls to get the size of the extended attribute. This works across AIX, Linux and OS X. Solaris will have to use statat to get the size. Unfortunately, race conditions abound.
When listing extended attributes, ignore EPERM for system-level attributes
Maybe when I get some time, I’ll start working on one.
Finally: please, please stop assuming that the whole world is Linux.
With a successful Mozlando for the Participation Cohort still in our rear-view mirror, we are excited to begin the launch process for the Leadership Summit, happening next month in Singapore
What is the Leadership Summit?
As part of the Participation Team’s Global Gatherings application process for this event, we asked people to commit to developing and being accountable to recruit and organize contributors in order grow the size and impact of their community in 2016. We ran also ran a second application process this month, to identify new and emerging leaders – bringing our invited total to 136.
The Leadership Summit will bring together this group for two days of sessions and experiences that will:
Help Participation Leaders will feel prepared (skills, mindsets, network) and understand their role as leaders/mobilizers who can unleash a wave of growth in our communities, in impact and in numbers.
Help Participation Leaders leave with action plans and commitments, specific to growing/evolving their communities and having impact on Connected Devices and a Global Campus Campaign.
Help everyone leave feeling that “we’re doing this together.” Everyone attending (volunteer and staff Mozillians) will feel like a community that is aligned with Mozilla’s overall direction, and who now trust one another and have each others back.
“You mentioned Connected Devices and a Global Campus Campaign? Say more…”
Sure! In setting goals for 2016, we realized that focusing on one or two truly impactful initiatives, will bring us closer to unleashing the Participation Mozilla needs, while providing opportunity for individuals to connect their ideas, energy and skills in the way that feels valued and rewarding.
To that end, we are currently developing a list of sessions and experiences for the Leadership Summit that will set us up for success in 2016 as community leaders, and on each of our three focus areas:
Regional / Local / Grassroots
We will say more about each as we get closer to the Summit, as well as including the opportunity to connect personal goals through 1:1 coaching for all attending.
“What about Reps and other functional areas?”
Fear not! Sessions and experiences will include:
Alignment for Reps around changes in the program, what’s expected of them, and what they can expect from Council and staff in 2016
Opportunity for volunteers in specific functional areas to build relationships with staff in those areas
This event will complete the process of merging participants from three events into one activated cohort – this is our beginning, and I am excited, I hope you are too!
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Working on open projects teaches relevant skills, helps establish mentorship relationships and surfaces hidden strengths and talents. It’s my own story.
And then reflective..
The reason we’ve struggled to make participation a universally recognized opportunity for credential building, is our confusion over the term ‘recognition’. In Open Source we use this term to mean of similar, yet entirely different meanings:
* Gratitude (“hey thanks for that !”)
* You’re making progress (“great work, keep going! “)
* Appreciation (“we value you”)
* You completed or finished something (congratulations you did it!)
In my opinion, many experiments with badges for FOSS participation have actually compounded the problem: If I am issued a badge I didn’t request( and I have many of these) , or don’t value ( I have many of these too) we’re using the process as a prod and not as a genuine acknowledgement of accomplishment. That’s OK, gamification is OK – but it’s not credential building in the real-world sense, we need to separate these two ‘use cases’ to move forward with open credentials.
And I kept thinking…
The Drupal community already does a good job at helping people surface real-world credentials. Drupal.org member profiles expose contribution and community leadership, while business profiles demonstrate (and advertise) their commitment through project sponsorship, and contribution. Drupal also has this fantastic series of project ladders which I’ve always thought would be a great way to experiment with badges, designing connected learning experiences through participation. Drupal ladders definitely inspired my own work with around a ‘Participation Standard‘ , and I wonder how projects can work together a bit more on defining a standard for ‘Distributed Recognition’ even between projects like Mozilla, Drupal and Fedora.
@sunnydeveloper oh I agree! Drupal has its own special benefits from this too, around distributed recognition of contribution /@dajbelshaw
I then posed the question in our Discourse — asking what ‘Open Credentials’ could look like for Participation at Mozilla . And there are some great responses so far, including solutions like Makerbase and reminder of of how hard it current is to be ‘seen’ in the Mozilla community, and thus how important this topic actually is.
And the thinking will continue, hopefully as a growing group ….
What I do know is that we have to stop using the word recognition as the catch all, and that there is huge opportunity to build Open Credentials through Participation and leadership framework might be a way to test what that looks like.
My friend and research colleague Todd Fernandez writes: I know the ODF (Open Document Format) is generally the preferred format from an open documents standpoint. My question is whether you [and other Free/Libre groups] would consider .txt files in Unicode and .csv (comma-separated value) data files considered equivalently open?
First of all, I can’t answer for FSF or other groups — so what you’re getting is the Mel answer to “are .txt and .csv files open?” This email reply is getting so long that I’ll turn it into a blog post.
The Mel answer is “yes.” I consider .txt files in Unicode and .csv to be “open.” In fact, I personally prefer to use them over ODF, which I’m rarely able to open with the software pre-installed on most computers I encounter.
In the paragraphs that follow, I’ll get into more detail behind my reasoning. To define “open” and “free,” I’ll loosely use the Open Source Definition (OSD) and the Free Software Definition, noting that these were created for software and need to be adapted for a discussion on file formats.
In discussing these file formats, I’ll cover .txt first, since .csv builds on top of .txt. The file extension”.txt” can mean a lot of things, and each of those things has different levels of open-ness (from a more legal-ish open standards standpoint, see definitions above) and accessibility (from a “how many people are able to read/write them on their computers with their current software” standpoint). I personally care about both.
ASCII and ANSI
You asked specifically about Unicode, but “.txt” can also mean ASCII, which is/was an American-developed standard for text information. I’ll start here, since ASCII was where Unicode began (in fact, ASCII’s 128 characters are Unicode’s first 128 characters).
ANSI X3.4-1968 is the document describing this encoding. It is a standard that’s widely used and published, lots of programs can access it, and you can use it in your programs without too much effort and without licensing costs (as far as I can tell; I can’t easily find the exact legal status). Basically, if I translate the Open Source Definition from software to file formats, I can’t find evidence that ANSI X3.4-1968 itself contradicts any of its criteria. I know this is different than proving that it absolutely meets all these criteria, but this is good enough for me.
As an interesting side note: ASCII is an ANSI standard (American National Standards Institute, hence the ANSI- prefix on its standards document). ANSI’s definition of “open” is about “do stakeholders have access to the consensus decisionmaking process that forms the standards?” and “are licensing fees and getting permission to use the standard at a reasonable and not overly burdensome level?” rather than “are there no licensing fees and permissions needed at all?” The latter corresponds to part of the 4 requrements for “freedom” according to the FSF, so it’s possible for something to be “open” according to ANSI but not “free” according to the FSF.
It would be interesting to go through and do a more rigorous look on whether ASCII’s legal/licensing criteria meets the Four Freedoms. I’m not a lawyer, but I’d be interested in what a lawyer would say.
“.txt” can also mean UTF, or Unicode Transformation Format; this is what your email asked about. The “A” in ASCII stands for “American,” and “American” in this case meant “monolingual,” meaning that if you wanted to type something outside ASCII’s 128-character, heavily-biased-towards-American-English set, you were flat out of luck. Unicode took the first 128 characters of ASCII, then… kept on going. Unicode is a more internationally-savvy superset of and successor to ASCII.
UTF-8 and UTF-16 are two Unicode variants in common use. The numbers refer to the number of bits per character, which you can think of as “UTF-16 has more letters in its gigantic international meta-alphabet than UTF-8.” UTF standards are developed by the Unicode Consortium, which I keep mistakenly typing as the “Unicorn Consortium” (which would be kinda awesome).
Unicode’s copyright permissions language seem very, very similar to the 4 requirements of the FSF for freedom. Since ASCII is a subset of Unicode, this makes me even more comfortable saying that ASCII is also “open.” However, I am not a lawyer, nor am I using “open” in a legally rigorous sense here — remember, I am a non-legally-trained engineer going “yeah, I don’t see anything that contradicts the definitions made for Open and Free software, if we were to translate it to file-formats-land.”
CSV is a format that’s layered atop plaintext (ASCII, UTF, whatever). In other words, you use plaintext to write a CSV document. CSV itself is not formally specified, which means it’s a free-for-all, and… you can use it for whatever, because you’re pretty much making it up. It’s just that you’re just making it up in the same way lots of other people have made it up.
Then again, “official standards” are just a group of people who have made things up and have agreed to stamp the label of “official” on their work; it’s still a social construct that depends on how many other people agree with them. (I can make something an “official” standard according to Mel, but if nobody else agrees with me, my standard is useless.)
Anyway, I’m not sure if that qualifies CSV as “open,” but it’s certainly not “closed.” To me, CSV is just as open as whatever underlying plaintext (.txt) format it’s using. But again, I’m not a lawyer, don’t work for the FSF, etc. This is just one hacker’s opinion, and I’d love to hear what others think.
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So next week has a certain meaning for millions of Americans that we relate to a story of indians and pilgrims gathering to have a meal together. While that story may be distorted from the historical truth, I do think the symbolic holiday we celebrate is important.
That said, I want to name some individuals I am thankful for….
I’m thankful for Lukas for being a excellent mentor to me at Mozilla for the last two years she was at Mozilla. Lukas helped me learn skills and have opportunities that many Mozillians would not have the opportunity to do. I’m very grateful for her mentoring, teaching, and her passion to help others, especially those who have less opportunity.
I’m especially thankful for Jeff. This year, out of the blue, he came to me this year and offered to have his university students support an open source project I launched and this has helped us grow our l10n community. I’m also grateful for Jeff’s overall thoughtfulness and my ability to go to him over the last couple of years for advice and feedback.
I’m thankful for Majken. She is always a very friendly person who is there to welcome people to the Mozilla Community but also I appreciate how outspoken she is. She is willing to share opinions and beliefs she has that add value to conversations and help us think outside the box. No matter how busy she is, she has been a constant in the Mozilla Project. always there to lend advice or listen.
I’m thankful for Emma. She does something much different than teaching us how to lead or build community, she teaches us how to participate better and build better participation into open source projects. I appreciate her efforts in teaching future generations the open web and being such a great advocate for participation.
I’m thankful for Stormy. She has always been a great leader and it’s been great to work with her on evangelism and event stuff at Mozilla. But even more important than all the work she did at Mozilla, I appreciate all the work she does with various open source nonprofits the committees and boards she serves on or advises that you do not hear about because she does it for the impact.
I’m thankful for Jonathan. He has done a lot for Ubuntu, Kubuntu, KDE and the great open source ecosystem over the years. Jonathan has been a devout open source advocate always standing for what is right and unafraid to share his opinion even if it meant disappointment from others.
Elizabeth Krumbach Joseph
I’m thankful for Elizabeth. She has been a good friend, mentor and listener for years now and does so much more than she gets credit for. Elizabeth is welcoming in the multiple open source projects she is involved in and if you contribute to any of those projects you know who she is because of the work she does.
I’m thankful for our lead Android developer who helps lead our Android development efforts and is a driving force in helping us move forward the vision behind Glucosio and help people around the world. I enjoy near daily if not multiple time a day conversations with him about the technical bits and big picture.
The Core Team + Contributors
I’m very thankful for everyone on the core team and all of our contributors at Glucosio. Without all of you, we would not be what we are today, which is a growing open source project doing amazing work to bring positive change to Diabetes.
I’m thankful for Leslie. She is always very helpful for advice on all things open source and especially open source non-profits. I think she helps us all be better human beings. She really is a force of good and perhaps the best friend you can have in open source.
I’m thankful for Jono. While we often disagree on things, he always has very useful feedback and has an ocean of community management and leadership experience. I also appreciate Jono’s no bullshit approach to discussions. While it can be rough for some, the cut to the chase approach is sometimes a good thing.
I’m thankful for Christie. She has been a great listener over the years I have known her and has been very supportive of community at Mozilla and also inclusion & diversity efforts. Christie is a teacher but also an organizer and in addition to all the things I am thankful for that she did at Mozilla, I also appreciate her efforts locally with Stumptown Syndicate.
I’ve cut to the last chapter of Pasquale’s The Black Box Society, “Towards an Intelligible Society.” I’m interested in where the argument goes. I see now that I’ve gotten through it that the penultimate chapter has Pasquale’s specific policy recommendations. But as I’m not just reading for policy and framing but also for tone and underlying theoretical commitments, I think it’s worth recording some first impressions before doubling back.
These are some points Pasquale makes in the concluding chapter that I wholeheartedly agree with:
A universal basic income would allow more people to engage in high risk activities such as the arts and entrepreneurship and more generally would be great for most people.
There should be publicly funded options for finance, search, and information services. A great way to provide these would be to fund the development of open source algorithms for finance and search. I’ve been into this idea for so long and it’s great to see a prominent scholar like Pasquale come to its defense.
Regulatory capture (or, as he elaborates following Charles Lindblom, “regulatory circularity”) is a problem. Revolving door participation in government and business makes government regulation an unreliable protector of the public interest.
There is quite a bit in the conclusion about the specifics of regulation the finance industry. There is an impressive amount of knowledge presented about this and I’ll admit much of it is over my head. I’ll probably have a better sense of it if I get to reading the chapter that is specifically about finance.
There are some things that I found bewildering or off-putting.
For example, there is a section on “Restoring Trust” that talks about how an important problem is that we don’t have enough trust in the reputation and search industries. His solution is to increase the penalties that the FTC and FCC can impose on Google and Facebook for its e.g. privacy violations. The current penalties are too trivial to be effective deterrence. But, Pasquale argues,
It is a broken enforcement model, and we have black boxes to thank for much of this. People can’t be outraged by what they can’t understand. And without some public concern about the trivial level of penalties for lawbreaking here, there are no consequences for the politicians ultimately responsible for them.
The logic here is a little mad. Pasquale is saying that people are not outraged enough by search and reputation companies to demand harsher penalties, and this is a problem because people don’t trust these companies enough. The solution is to convince people to trust these companies less–get outraged by them–in order to get them to punish the companies more.
This is a bit troubling, but makes sense based on Pasquale’s theory of regulatory circularity, which turns politics into a tug-of-war between interests:
The dynamic of circularity teaches us that there is no stable static equilibrium to be achieved between regulators and regulated. The government is either pushing industry to realize some public values in its activities (say, by respecting privacy or investing in sustainable growth), or industry is pushing regulators to promote its own interests.
There’s a simplicity to this that I distrust. It suggests for one that there are no public pressures on industry besides the government such as consumer’s buying power. A lot of Pasquale’s arguments depend on the monopolistic power of certain tech giants. But while network effects are strong, it’s not clear whether this is such a problem that consumers have no market buy in. In many cases tech giants compete with each other even when it looks like they aren’t. For example, many many people have both Facebook and Gmail accounts. Since there is somewhat redundant functionality in both, consumers can rather seemlessly allocate their time, which is tied to advertising revenue, according to which service they feel better serves them, or which is best reputationally. So social media (which is a bit like a combination of a search and reputation service) is not a monopoly. Similarly, if people have multiple search options available to them because, say, the have both Siri on their smart phone and can search Google directly, then that provides an alternative search market.
Meanwhile, government officials are also often self-interested. If there is a road to hell for industry that is to provide free web services to people to attain massive scale, then abuse economic lock-in to extract value from customers, then lobby for further rent-seeking, there is a similar road to hell in government. It starts with populist demagoguery, leads to stable government appointment, and then leverages that power for rents in status.
So, power is power. Everybody tries to get power. The question is what you do once you get it, right?
Perhaps I’m reading between the lines too much. Of course, my evaluation of the book should depend most on the concrete policy recommendations which I haven’t gotten to yet. But I find it unfortunate that what seems to be a lot of perfectly sound history and policy analysis is wrapped in a politics of professional identity that I find very counterproductive. The last paragraph of the book is:
Black box services are often wondrous to behold, but our black-box society has become dangerously unstable, unfair, and unproductive. Neither New York quants nor California engineers can deliver a sound economy or a secure society. Those are the tasks of a citizenry, which can perform its job only as well as it understands the stakes.
Implicitly, New York quants and California engineers are not citizens, to Pasquale, a law professor based in Maryland. Do all real citizens live around Washington, DC? Are they all lawyers? If the government were to start providing public information services, either by hosting them themselves or by funding open source alternatives, would he want everyone designing these open algorithms (who would be quants or engineers, I presume) to move to DC? Do citizens really need to understand the stakes in order to get this to happen? When have citizens, en masse, understood anything, really?
Based on what I’ve read so far, The Black Box Society is an expression of a lack of trust in the social and economic power associated with quantification and computing that took off in the past few dot-com booms. Since expressions of lack of trust for these industries is nothing new, one might wonder (under the influence of Foucault) how the quantified order and the critique of the quantified order manage to coexist and recreate a system of discipline that includes both and maintains its power as a complex of superficially agonistic forces. I give sincere credit to Pasquale for advocating both series income redistribution and public investment in open technology as ways of disrupting that order. But when he falls into the trap of engendering partisan distrust, he loses my confidence.
It’s the most wonderful time of the year! The ‘Mozilla Coincidental Work Week’ brings everyone at Mozilla together in the same city, at the same time for the opportunity of collaboration – this time in Orlando Florida (Dec 7 – 11) !
‘Mozlando’ is the next stop on our Participation Cohort’s journey – a perfect environment for goal-setting focused on building high impact participation opportunities with product teams. Truly – a beautiful opportunity to invest in, and with each other.
Over 100 volunteers will have the opportunity to work directly with teams helping design and strengthen goals which in many (and most) cases includes Participation. For those invited by the Participation Team, we will of course, be dedicating ourselves to that focus.
We have three distinct volunteer groups attending Orlando:
Those invited by the Participation Team.
Those invited by another functional area, but who are also part of the Participation Cohort.
Those who were invited by another functional area, but currently have no Participation connection.
Subset: those in this group who may, informally, have Participation goals in their work.
We will reach out with offers for 1:1 coaching for all in groups 1 & 2. And for the subset of the 3rd group, will reserve blocks of time for those interested in Participation.
The coaching this time around even more important recognizing that connecting volunteers with the project goals is a critical step to bringing sustained strategic advantage to Mozilla . We are asking our cohort to research and consider the following:
What are my participation goals for 2016?
What are the goals in 2016 of the product team I will be working with?
How do these align with my own goals for 2016? What adjustments do I need to make? What questions do I need to ask?
How can I share what I learn, and bring others in who want to contribute to the same area of the project?
The Mozilla Festival took place this last past weekend! Mozfest is the first of three Global Leadership events we’re leveraging to empower a cohort of Participation Leaders in their goals for 2016. This first group of 30 represents those whose goals strongly focused on developing and delivering programs that build skills (leadership and otherwise) of Mozillians.
Mozfest is the perfect place to meet kindred spirits, make new and valuable connections, and to experiment and get feedback in real time. Everything including sessions themselves, lend to hackability and spontaneous invention, the environment encourages a bravery to reach inside ourselves, and to recognize our potential to be the change we want to see in the world .
It was very very exciting to be a part of designing an experience for this group that included pre-event coaching, facilitator training, and leadership workshops led by George Roter. We also hosted the first ever ‘Participation Space’ at Mozfest which was filled with sessions and activities the entire weekend. I wanted to share a few moments that stood out for me, with a sneak peek into what’s next.
Adriano Capello’s Workshop “Leadership Games” , saw people sitting around a table with bags on their heads laughing and learning about leadership while making things. This session would have continued long past the end-time if participants had their way.
Gloria Dwomoh’s ‘Getting Started with Open Source‘ session. This was her first-ever facilitation session, she did a great job. The smile on her face made my day – a facilitator was born :)
Watching Christos mentor Gloria in a session on Scaling the Learning and Leading program at Mozilla. Helping her find that thing she was good at, and could teach. Huge talent.
Saran Mansouri – Hacking Flexigons, took place in the Youth Zone, and by all accounts her session engaged a tricky group of learners in a big way.
George Roter’s Leadership Kickoff story about Farmers and Farming, ask him to tell it to you in the context of community leadership. Super inspiring.
‘The Internet Box’ a quick design by one of our cohort during the kickoff that showed the Internet as a box, with two doors. One door is Mozilla, one was through proprietary, privacy threatening orgs. Same technology, same box two doors, which would you choose? Brilliant.
Firefox OS App Building session by Errietta Kostala , saw engagement of new developers wanting to contribute to FFOS, and for the win – they were connected with project leads for Firefox OS Smart TVs.
Ioana, Michael and Henrik who joined us on their own time – ran sessions or otherwise made the space much more amazing because they were there. Special thanks to Ioana, and Flore for help with space setup. Also cheese and chocolate from Flore ;)
The Participation Museum! A collection of items
The leadership wrap up! By far my favorite moment as everyone sharpened their goals for 2016 and wore the Participation ‘cape’ to share their first milestone.
As the ‘space wrangler’ for Participation, I didn’t get out much :) but still managed these inspiring moments. Looking forward to reading the blog posts of our entire cohort on their Mozfest moments. Here are more photos of our caped cohort!
Next up, we’ll be holding our first call for those who attend Mozfest, and launching connective efforts to bring in those who have yet to attend an event, or who sadly missed this one because of Visa issues. Lots of goodness ahead!
In recent years, I would say the primary focus of my contribution to Mozilla has been an effort to create educational offerings and experiences with real world value, through open source participation. And this event proved that – not only do people really want learning opportunities like this, but we can make the world a better place, and tech a more diverse environment in the process.
Some highlights in our success on this day:
We had a group of incredible mentors – I would have been lost without them. Special mention to Paula (post main photo) who created virtual machine solution for those who struggled too long with their environments. Mentorship is absolutely key to an event like this, and the talented people that turned up has me dreaming of a mentorship team for all technical projects..
I chose the teach.mozilla.org website as a contribution project. Primarily because I had experience with the environment and codebase, and support from project team members: Mavis and Hannah who were kind enough to tag specific issues with ‘Grace Hopper’.
I also chose this project because I knew the technology was both easy to pickup, and had real world value in the job market. Finally, I knew the ‘Ready, Write, Participate’ message would resonate with a group of learners..learning to Participate :)
Our group was brilliant. I worried that some issues with environment (and we had quite a few) would dampen spirits, or result in people leaving. The opposite happened. Our group emerged in the very best way – a community and a team. When one woman overcame an issue with a node version, she rose to help others reach their own success as well. Experts in environments and issues emerged to mentor others, and by afternoon I had run out of ‘Grace Hopper’ tasks.
I had to remind at least one person to eat, and another woman in the last 15 minutes of the event, was on her feet trying to fix one last issue before submitting her pull request. I was proud, and honoured to be part of a group so diverse (including a male mentor), that there was really no majority in the room. That is an amazing feeling.
Our group demoed their work, and it was an zen moment, to see this group describe not only their work overcoming obstacles, but what they accomplished and why the project mattered. Hope to be back again next year!
Let’s bring some change to the Community Council. A few of those running for Community Council have been on the council for years and not given up their seat to allow new ideas and fresh leadership to come to the council.
I think this is bad not only in governance of open source projects, but in leadership of any body whether it be a nonprofit board, a city council, a parliament, or congress.
At least two of the most senior people, in terms of how long they have been on community council, are in my opinion also the most disconnected and least communicative with the community, with one of them not having contributed to Ubuntu outside of their council role in years.
I think it is time to shake things up and that is why I am prioritizing my vote for the following four people as top picks and I’d encourage you to use your vote however you want but please consider shaking it up and bringing in some new faces.
TL;DR We know entrenchment in community leadership, nonprofit boards and politics is generally bad so lets shake it up!
My pick list:
Jose Antonio Rey
Update: Charles Profitt a member of the Ubuntu CC who is departing emailed me this blog post he did last month which aligns with my opinion on entrenchment and dynamic not static leadership.
I haven’t really written anything here in, well, over a year. I’ve thought a
lot about how I really need to start writing again, and what kind of stuff I’d
like to write about. Over the last
few weeks, I’ve realized that I’m much more enthusiastic about the stuff that
I’m working on when I spend a little time writing or tweeting about it. That
said, I think I’m going to move updates about the FOSS projects I’m working on
from Twitter to my dev blog.
Every day that I work on something, I’ll post a bite-sized update on my dev
blog. If I come across something interesting to write about outside of just
posting commits, then I’ll circle back here and write a bit about it in
detail. I’d like to keep this low-volume and long-form (except for this post,
obviously), if possible.
I’m going to try this out for at least the next few days, since I have a lot
of FOSS work in my pipeline.
Skimming Microsoft’s most recent annual report provides some interesting insights. Among them: While many people are inclined to view Microsoft as a mature (and perhaps not that relevant?) company, the financial results continue to be quite impressive. In rounded billions, Microsoft has grown from total revenue of $70 billion to $94 billion over the last […]
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“Participation doesn’t just happen, it’s built through great design & great leadership”
In three short weeks, the first of our Global Leadership Events: Mozfest 2015 will be upon us and with it increasing buzz of activity will be emerging as our cohort prepares for and travels to London. Mozfest is an opportunity unlike any other to learn, teach, practice and collaborate. We’ll use this journey to bring everyone closer to their personal goals for success at the event itself and as empowerment for our collective vision for Mozilla leadership in 2016.
This year’s Mozfest is a thoughtfully designed, energized mega-opportunity for learning to lead by – leading. New to Mozfest this year is the addition of Pathways, best explained as a connection of sessions under one or more themes. The most exciting part is not only that we’ve curated three pathways for Participation, but that in many cases they intersect other spaces at the festival for magnified opportunity and outreach. Our three pathways are:
Scaling participatory learning experiences This pathway is for participants with enthusiasm for teaching and facilitating, who want to take that passion to create resources and programs that teach others through participation.
We’re also excited to running many of these sessions, workshops, training and pop-up activities in our very own Participation Space. Think “learning, leading, making, and building” Participation all weekend – together in atmosphere intersecting every other space in the building through pathways.
And best of all – all of this is a backdrop for some pretty amazing personal goals we’ll be working with each of our cohort leaders to design through 1:1 coaching. The pathways are only the starting point in designing a Mozfest experience that brings our cohort closer to their vision for success at this event and for 2016, personal goals they’ll be sharing out in Discourse leading up to the event in November. Phew!
You can follow activities for this and other Global events on Discourse. And using hashtag #Mozfest #ParticipationSpace
The act of creating tasks in an open repository is not itself an invitation to get involved. Lets be honest about the ‘types of tasks’ we’re creating, and then just design properly for those we intend for participation.
In Whistler earlier this year, we gathered together a group of code contributors to better understand what barriers, frustrations, ambitions and successes they experienced contributing code to Mozilla projects. Above all other topics, the ‘task description’ was surfaced as the biggest reason for abandoning projects. This, the doorway for participation is given the least attention of all.
Meta Task: Meta, Parent or or ‘Feature Tasks’ are a great way to track the overall progress of an initiative or project goals. Unless identified as being this type of task though it can lead to a frustrating journey for someone interested in participation.
Project (Team Member) Tasks: Tasks that require whole or partial involvement of a team member (staff or core contributor) to be completed. There’s nothing wrong with this type of task, but calling them out as being dependent on specific individuals – saves time. Examples: ‘root access’ server tasks, or project management tasks.
The Garbage Tasks: A garbage task is one that appears to have no obvious purpose, deadline or clear outcome. A mystery to the rest of us, these tasks appear to be connected to the single moments in time for the author. These exist everywhere – and I witness the havoc they play on contributors. Often created in a rush or with only the author’s intentions in mind, many of these tasks linger in ‘open’ states. It takes a contributor a long time to discover the irrelevance of tasks like these.
Storytelling Task: Different than a meta-task, and not quite a project task, I’ve encountered quite a few ‘issues’ with a primary goal of storytelling or conversation with an extended opportunity to provide feedback through comments. These are great for transparency and inviting interest, but if there is no clear call to action, it’s probably better as a blog post.
Open or Contributor/Volunteer Task: Is a clear ‘ask’, with action items suitable for completion by an individual. Components of a good open task are:
Helping people filter to Open Issues is a huge win for project and contributor. We’ve been using a tag called ‘volunteer task’ for this purpose, although we may change the name based on feedback. It’s our most viewed tag.
Don’t use abbreviations in titles, and have a clear action reflected.
Referenced Meta/Parent Task
Creating and referencing a Meta Task Is a great way to connect open tasks to the impact of the work being done. They also help generate a sense of collaboration and community that makes work feel meaningful.
I use this in anticipation of questions, and often include reading documentation. Prerequisites are also a way to help people quickly identify which tasks are best suited to their personal goals and curiosity. I include basic skill levels needed as well – with room for learning.
Challenge yourself to bring the key points into the short description. Use Bullet points to break down points vrs writing long paragraphs of text. Link to longer documentation (and make sure your permissions allow anonymous view).
I’ve written a lot about designing participation in steps, and believe that breaking things down this way benefits contributor and project. I know this probably feels tedious especially for smaller bugs, but minimally this means linking to a template explaining ‘how to get started’. Example steps might be:
Build your local environment
Update the README with any issues you found during the build
Introduce yourself on Discourse
Self-Assign yourself this task and leave a comment.
Value to Contributor
I sometimes include this, and my opinion is this is where ‘mentored bugs’ could plug in vrs a bug being only about mentoring. In the virtuous circle for participation, I think this reminds us to consider this perspective of contributors in all we design.
Although some of this might feel like a lot of work, it actually filters out a large number of questions, helps contributors connect more quickly to opportunity and helps build trust in the process.